Recep Can

Research [email protected] Engineering-Hacettepe University

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Passionate about programming, especially in the fields of geospatial artificial intelligence and web app development.
Experience in coding, debugging and unit testing.Highly motivated researcher and quick learner.
Strong problem solving skills.Good at time management.Desire to learn and develop new programming skills.


Work Experience

Research Associate

April 2021 - Present

Evaluation of Skysat RPC Quality under ESA Earthnet Data Assessment Pilot (EDAP) Project Framework

Research Scholar

TUBITAK UZAY | 2019 - Present

Geometric calibration of spaceborne linear array CCDs, developing sensor model and algorithms

R&D Team Member

LAMA Mobile App | 2018 - Present

I am responsible for data quality control and visualization of the data on the web map and developing new ideas for the future of GeoCitSci.

Project Team Member

Gaziantep Bizim Şehir | 2018 - 2019

I worked for solving web development, 3D city modelling and 3D city visualization related problems.

Long Term Intern

UVM Systems TR | 2018 - Summer

3D City Modelling, 3D GIS

Summer Intern

Birlik Mapping | 2017

Producing Topographic Photogrammetric Maps, Orthophoto Generation, LiDAR Processing

Awards

ISPRS Best Young Author Award

XXIV ISPRS Congress

Journal Publications

A Comprehensive Assessment of XGBoost Algorithm for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping in the Upper Basin of Ataturk Dam, Turkey

Recep Can, Sultan Kocaman Gökçeoğlu, Candan Gökçeoğlu

The success rate in landslide susceptibility mapping efforts increased with the advancements in machine learning algorithms and the availability of geospatial data with high spatial and temporal resolutions. Existing data-driven susceptibility mapping models are not globally applicable due to the high variability of landslide conditioning parameters and the limitations in the availability of up-to-date and accurate data. Among numerous applications, landslide susceptibility maps are essential for site selection and health monitoring of engineering structures, such as dams, for increasing their lifetime and to prevent from disastrous events caused by the damages. In this study, landslide susceptibility mapping performance of XGBoost algorithm was evaluated in a landslide-prone area in the upper basin of Ataturk Dam, which is a prime investment located in the southeast of Turkey. The study area has a size of 2718.7 km2 with an elevation difference of ca. 2000 m and contains 27 lithological units. EU-DEM v1.1 from the Copernicus Programme was used to derive the geomorphological features. High classification accuracy with area under curve value of 0.96 could be obtained from the XGBoost algorithm. According to the results, the main factors controlling the landslides in the study area are the lithology, altitude and topographic wetness index.
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A Convolutional Neural Network Architecture for Auto-Detection of Landslide Photographs to Assess Citizen Science and Volunteered Geographic Information Data Quality

Recep Can, Sultan Kocaman Gökçeoğlu, Candan Gökçeoğlu

Several scientific processes benefit from Citizen Science (CitSci) and VGI (Volunteered Geographical Information) with the help of mobile and geospatial technologies. Studies on landslides can also take advantage of these approaches to a great extent. However, the quality of the collected data by both approaches is often questionable, and automated procedures to check the quality are needed for this purpose. In the present study, a convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture is proposed to validate landslide photos collected by citizens or nonexperts and integrated into a mobile- and web-based GIS environment designed specifically for a landslide CitSci project. The VGG16 has been used as the base model since it allows finetuning, and high performance could be achieved by selecting the best hyper-parameters. Although the training dataset was small, the proposed CNN architecture was found to be effective as it could identify the landslide photos with 94% precision. The accuracy of the results is sufficient for purpose and could even be improved further using a larger amount of training data, which is expected to be obtained with the help of volunteers.
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Conference Papers

A WebGIS Framework for Semi-Automated Geodatabase Updating Assisted by Deep Learning

Recep Can, Sultan Kocaman Gökçeoğlu, Ali Özgün Ok

The automation of geoinformation (GI) collection and interpretation has been a fundamental goal for many researchers. The developments in various sensors, platforms, and algorithms have been contributing to the achievement of this goal. In addition, the contributions of citizen science (CitSci) and volunteered geographical information (VGI) concepts have become evident and extensive for the geodata collection and interpretation in the era where information has the utmost importance to solve societal and environmental problems. The web- and mobile-based Geographical Information Systems (GIS) have facilitated the broad and frequent use of GI by people from any background, thanks to the accessibility and the simplicity of the platforms. On the other hand, the increased use of GI also yielded a great increment in the demand for GI in different application areas. Thus, new algorithms and platforms allowing human intervention are immensely required for semi-automatic GI extraction to increase the accuracy. By integrating the novel artificial intelligence (AI) methods including deep learning (DL) algorithms on WebGIS interfaces, this task can be achieved. Thus, volunteers with limited knowledge on GIS software can be supported to perform accurate processing and to make guided decisions. In this study, a web-based geospatial AI (GeoAI) platform was developed for map updating by using the image processing results obtained from a DL algorithm to assist volunteers. The platform includes vector drawing and editing capabilities and employs a spatial database management system to store the final maps. The system is flexible and can utilise various DL methods in the image segmentation.
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Deep Learning Based Roof Type Classification Using Very High Resolution Aerial Imagery

Mehmet Büyükdemircioğlu, Recep Can, Sultan Kocaman Gökçeoğlu

Automatic detection, segmentation and reconstruction of buildings in urban areas from Earth Observation (EO) data are still challenging for many researchers. Roof is one of the most important element in a building model. The three-dimensional geographical information system (3D GIS) applications generally require the roof type and roof geometry for performing various analyses on the models, such as energy efficiency. The conventional segmentation and classification methods are often based on features like corners, edges and line segments. In parallel to the developments in computer hardware and artificial intelligence (AI) methods including deep learning (DL), image features can be extracted automatically. As a DL technique, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) can also be used for image classification tasks, but require large amount of high quality training data for obtaining accurate results. The main aim of this study was to generate a roof type dataset from very high-resolution (10 cm) orthophotos of Cesme, Turkey, and to classify the roof types using a shallow CNN architecture. The training dataset consists 10,000 roof images and their labels. Six roof type classes such as flat, hip, half-hip, gable, pyramid and complex roofs were used for the classification in the study area. The prediction performance of the shallow CNN model used here was compared with the results obtained from the fine-tuning of three well-known pre-trained networks, i.e. VGG-16, EfficientNetB4, ResNet-50. The results show that although our CNN has slightly lower performance expressed with the overall accuracy, it is still acceptable for many applications using sparse data.
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Landslide Susceptibility Mapping with Random Forest Model for Ordu, Turkey

Gizem Karakaş, Recep Can, Hakan A. Nefeslioğlu, Sultan Kocaman Gökçeoğlu, Candan Gökçeoğlu

Landslides are among commonly observed natural hazards all over the world and can be quite destructive for infrastructure and in settlement areas. Their occurrences are often related with extreme meteorological events and seismic activities. Preparation of landslide susceptibility maps is important for disaster mitigation efforts and to increase the resilience. The factors effective on landslide susceptibility map production depend mainly on the topography, land use and the geological characteristics of the region. The up-to-date and accurate data needed for extracting the effective parameters can be obtained by using photogrammetric techniques with high spatial resolution. Data driven ensemble methods are being increasingly used for landslide susceptibility map production and accurate results can be obtained. In this study, regional landslide susceptibility map of a landslide-prone area in a part of Ordu Province in northern Turkey is produced using topographic and lithological parameters by employing the random forest method. An actual landslide inventory delineated manually by geologists using the produced orthophotos and the digital terrain model (DTM) is used for training the model. The results show that an accuracy of 83% and precision of 92% can obtained from the data and the random forest method. The approach can be applied for generation of regional susceptibility maps semi-automatically.
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Development of a CitSci and Artificial Intelligence Supported GIS Platform for Landslide Data Collection

Recep Can, Sultan Kocaman Gökçeoğlu, Candan Gökçeoğlu

Geospatial data are fundamental to understand the relationship between the geographical events and the Earth dynamics. Although the geospatial technologies aid geodata collection, the increasing possibilities yield new application areas and cause even a greater demand. Considering the increment in data quantity and diversity, to be able to work with the data, they must be collected, stored, analysed and presented with the help of specifically designed platforms. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) with mobile and web support are the most suitable platforms for these purposes. On the other hand, the location-enabled mobile, web and geospatial technologies empowered the rise of the citizen science (CitSci) projects. With the CitSci, mobile GIS platforms enable the data to be collected from almost any location. As the size of the collected data increases, considering automatic control of the data quality has become a necessity. Integrating artificial intelligence (AI) with the CitSci based GIS designs allows automatic quality control of the data and helps eliminating data validation problem in CitSci. For this reason, the purpose of the present study is to develop a CitSci and AI supported GIS platform for landslide data collection because landslide hazard mitigation efforts require landslide susceptibility, hazard and risk assessments. Especially, landslide hazard assessments are necessary the time of occurrence of a landslide. Although this information is crucial, it is almost impossible to collect time of occurrence in regional hazard assessment efforts. Consequently, use of CitSci for this purpose may provide valuable information for landslide hazard assessments.
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Projects

LAMA GeoCitSci

WebGIS Developer

Creating web map that shows photographs obtained from LAMA mobile app with their correct position. Working for to automate controlling data quality using deep learning and creating web GIS application.
Geocitsci Project Page

Gaziantep Bizim Şehir

Technical Support

Transforming models and data that comes from architectural team to georeferenced 3D city models, visualization of that models in CityGRID Scout, technical support for software related problems.

Bizim Şehir Gaziantep Web Sayfası